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Freedom of thought, conscience and religion


Article 9

Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. Everyone is entitled to change his or her religion or conviction and is free to express that religion whether individually or collectively, publicly or privately. All recognised beliefs are protected by this right. One of the present-day issues of respect for freedom of thought, conscience and religion is embodied, at both international and national level, in the upsurge of religious intolerance. The questions concerning the status of sects are also linked with the exercise of this freedom.

IN PRACTICE, the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, includes…
The right to practice one’s religion freely
State neutrality

Factsheets
Freedom of religion
Conscientious objection

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