Freedom of expression

Article 10

Everyone has the right to freedom of expression and to receive and impart information. This right also covers the freedom of the press. Freedom of expression is one of the essential foundations of a democratic society. The media require particular protection because they play a key role in defending freedom of expression. Article 10 protects, among others, the right to criticise, to make assumptions or value judgments and the right to have opinions.

Such protection is not restricted to “true” statements; it applies in particular to political speech and debate on questions of public interest. Freedom of expression plays a key role in elections. Artistic expression is also protected by Article 10.

IN PRACTICE, the right to freedom of expression includes…
The freedom of the press and broadcasting media
Civil servants’ freedom of expression

Useful links
Media freedom
World Press Freedom Day

Right to one’s own image
New technologies
Trade union rights
Hate speech
Protection of journalistic sources

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