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Right to liberty and security


Article 5

Everyone has the right to liberty. Everyone arrested shall be informed of the reasons for the arrest and shall be entitled to a trial within a reasonable length of time or to be released pending trial. This right protects people against arbitrary arrest and detention. Anyone whose arrest or detention is contrary to the rights guaranteed by Article 5 is entitled to compensation. In certain cases linked with protection of law and order, however, deprivation of liberty may be authorised but must uphold the rights secured in the Convention.

IN PRACTICE, the right to liberty and security applies, for example, to…
Unlawful detention
Arbitrary detention

Useful links
Efficiency of justice
European prison reform

Factsheets
Protection of personal data
Terrorism
Protection of journalistic sources
Detention and mental health
Mental health

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